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Timeline

Social / Polititical / Women

ERA'S PICS SOCIAL HISTORY YEAR
DESCRIPTION
Thomas Newcomen perfects the steam engine 1705
Abigail Adams writes to her husband John Adams, in attaendance at the Constitutional Convention, to remind him to "Remember the ladies..." 1776
American Revolution heroine Sybil Ludington rides by horseback from town to town at night to warn the Connecticut countryside of invading British troops. 1777
In Baltimore, Mary Katherine Goddard publishes the Declaration of Independence where she is the only printer 1777
Edmund Cartwright submits a patent for a power loom 1787
Samuel Slater opens the first machine run cotton mill in the United States 1793
James Watt patents a highly efficient version of the steam engine 1796
First Industrial Revolution ~ (1800 - 1850)   1804
  1805
  1805
  Robert Fulton builds the first paddle wheel steam boat 1807
1812
  Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice 1813
1814
Era of Good Feelings ~ (1815 - 1824) 1815
  Walter Scott writes Ivanhoe 1820
  1821
  1825
  1825
  The world's first public railway line opens in Britain 1830
  1837
  1839
  1840
  1846
  Seneca Falls Convention: The first women's rights convention in the U.S.A. is held 1848
  Boston Female Medical School, the first medical school for women, opens. 1848
  Revolutionary fervor erupts throughout Europe 1848
  Karl Marx and Frederick Engels publish The Communist Manifesto 1848
  1848
  Nathaniel Hawthorne publishes The Scarlet Letter 1850
  1850
  Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published and becomes America's first book to sell over 1 million copies 1852
  1853
  1853
  Henry Bessemer patents an highly cost-effective method to produce steel 1855
  1857
Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection is published 1859
American Civil War ~ (1861 - 1865)   1861
  1861
  1865
American Reconstruction ~ (1865 - 1877) 1867
  1869
  1869
Second Industrial Revolution ~ (1870 - 1914)   1870
  British Parliament passes the Married Women's Property Act granting British house wives greater property rights 1870
  1870
  1871
  British Unions gain legal recognition 1871
  1871
  1872
  1872
  1874

Suffragists crash the Centennial Celebration at Independence Hall challenging the Vice President about the fact that the United States
government opposed the right of women to vote.

1876
Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone 1876
  1876
Thomas Edison invents the light bulb 1879
  The American Association of University Women (AAUW) is founded 1881
  1882
  1884
  1885
  1887
  Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Lucy Stone, Julia Ward Howe, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organize the National Council of Women of the US 1888
George Eastman produces the Kodak Camera 1888
Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach build the first gasoline powered automobile 1889
  1889
Progressive Era ~ (1890 - 1913)   1896
  1896
  1898
  1900
  1900

Guglielmo Marconi sends first radio wave across the Atlantic Ocean

1901
Emmeline Pankhurst founds the Women's Social and Political Union in Great Britian 1903
Wright brothers accomplish their first flight 1903
Albert Einstein publishes his theory of relativity 1905
  1905
  1905
  1907
  1908
  1910
People march on New York city's 5th avenue to attend the funeral of those who died in the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire in late March 1911
Henry Ford applies the assembly line to the manufacturing of automobiles 1913
Jazz Age ~ (1914 - 1928) WW I ~ (1914 - 1919)   1914
  1914
  1915
  1915
  1915
  1915
  1916
  1916
  1916
  1916
  1917
The National Women's party begins to pickets at the White House for universal woman suffrage 1917
  1917
  1918
  1918
  1919
  1919
First Dada exhibit/performance in Berlin 1920
Marcus Garvey issues the Declaration of the Rights of the Negor Peoples of the World 1920

The Suffrage Monument, depicting Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott and carved by Adelaide Johnson, is
dedicated in the nation's capitol

1921
1921
1921
1921
1921
1921
US Supreme Court upholds the 19th Amendment to the Constitution which guarantees women the right to vote 1922
James Joyce's Ulysses published 1922
1923
1923
1924
1924
1924
Women forbidden to wear veil in Turkey 1924
1925
Violette Neatly Anderson is the first black woman to practice law before the U.S. Supreme Court 1926
Werner Heisenberg explains the uncertainty principle challenging the accepted tradition of Newtonian physics and laws of nature 1927
1927
1928
The Great Depression ~ (1929 - 1945) U.S. stock market collapse 1929
1930
1930
1931
1932
1932
FDR's New Deal ~ (1933 - 1938) 1933
1933
1933
Women gain right to vote in Turkey 1934
1934
Franklin Roosevelt establishes the Works Progress Administration 1935
1935
1935
1936
1936
1936
1937
Pearl S. Buck is the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature 1938
1938
1938
1938
1938
WW II ~ (1939 - 1945) 1939
1939
1940
The first women graduate from Harvard Medical School 1940
1940
1940
1941
The Eisatzgruppen was in full effect to exterminate Jews via Death Squads and concentration camps 1941
1942
1943
1943
1944
1945
1945
1945
1945
Simone de Beauvoir publishes The Second Sex 1945
Chilean poet Gabriel Mistral wins Nobel Prize for Literature 1945
  1945
The Cold War Era ~ (1945 - 1989) Post World War Era ~ (1945 - 1960) Emily Greene Balch, co-founder of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 1946
1946
1946
1947
1947
1947
First computer with stored memory is developed 1948
1948
1948
1948
1948
1948
1948
1949
1949
1949
1949
1950
A marriage law guarantees equal rights with men in China 1950
Information Age ~ (1954 - Present) 1951
1952
1953
1953
Civil Rights Era ~ (1954 - 1966) U.S. Civil Rights movement officially begins 1954
1956
1956
Soviet Union launches Sputnik into orbit 1957
1957
1957
U.S. successfully launches the Explorer 1 satellite into orbit 1958
1958
1959
1961
Soviets and East Germans construct the Berlin wall 1961
1961
1962
1962
Solzhenitsyn's A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich is published 1962
1962
1962
Rachel Carson's publication of Silent Spring sparks the environment protection movement 1962

Equal Pay Act enacted: "To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the
production of goods for commerce." (PL 88-38)

1963
Harvard Business School starts accepting women 1963
1963
1963
President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act; Title VII prohibits sex discrimination. 1964
Barbara Franklin Hon. Barabara Franklin one of the first women to receive an M.B.A. degree from the Harvard Business School. 1964
1964
1964
1964
1966
The Vietnam War ~ (1959 - 1975) Che Guevara Ché Guevara dies in Bolivia 1967
1967
1967
1968
Vietnam protest Student protests against the Vietnam War reach a fever-pitch 1968
Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated 1968
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin land on moon's surface 1969
Betty Friedan leads Women's Strike for Equality protest in New York City on the fiftieth anniversary of woman's suffrage 1970
1970
1970
Kent State Shootings 1970
1971
The National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) is founded by Gloria Steinem, Betty Friedan, and Bella Abzug 1971
Microprocessor is invented 1971
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt wins Nobel Peace Prize for his role in easing tensions between East and West Germans 1971
1971
1971

Wendy Rue founds the National Association for Female Executives (NAFE), the largest businesswomen's organization in the United States of America

1972
1972
Gloria Steinem and Letty Cottin Pogrebin Ms. magazine is founded 1972
1972
1972
1972
Roe v. Wade: the United States Supreme Court gives women the right to choose to abort a fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy 1973
1973
1974
1974
1974
The sound barrier breaking Concorde makes its first commercial flight 1975
Late Twentieth Century ~ (1975 - 2000) 1976
1977
Apple II computer is introtroduced to the market 1977
Home pregnancy tests become available for over-the-counter purchase 1978
1978
1979
1979
Mother Teresa is honored with the Nobel Peach Prize 1979
AFL-CIO votes to reserve 2 seats on its 35 member executive team for a woman and a member of a minority group 1980
1980
Lech Walesa organizes trade union Solidarity in Poland 1980
1981
1981
Women protest the presence of American nuclear Missiles in Britain 1981
1981
Colombian journalist and novelist Gabriel Garcia Marquez wins the Nobel Prize for Literature 1982
1982
Barbara McClintock wins Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1983
Dr. Sally Ride becomes the first American woman to be sent into outer space 1983
1983
1984
1985

Coretta Scott King leads a march through Atlanta, GA, to honor her slain husband's birthday, celebrated the first time that year as a national holiday

1986

Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson: the United States Supreme Court decides that sexual harassment is a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

1986
Russian nuclear power plant Chernobyl experiences core meltdown and releases deadly radiation 1986
1987
1988
1988
The Pulitzer Prize is awarded to Wendy Wasserstein for The Heidi Chronicles 1989
Berlin wall is dismantled signaling an end of the Cold War 1989
1989
Chinua Achebe wins Nobel Prize in literature 1989
Tiananmen Square massacre suppresses Chinese student protest for democratization 1989
Exxon oil tanker Valdez spills oil off Alaskan coast 1989
1990
1990
African news agencies link to the internet 1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
Commercial World Wide Web is created 1990
1991
1991
1992
1992
1992
First "Take Our Daughters to Work" day, sponsored by the Ms. Foundation for women 1993
1993
Judith Rodin is named president of Univ. of Pennsylvania, the first woman to head an Ivy League institution 1993
Chinese government attempts to ban satellite dishes 1993
1994
1994
Eileen Marie Collins becomes first women to pilot a space shuttle mission 1995
1995
1997
1997
United States v. Morrison: the United States Supreme Court finds that a portions of the Violence Against Women Act is unconstitutional 2000